Oportunidade de financimento europeu: Better financing models for health systems
(Melhores modelos de financiamento para sistemas de saúde)
> Candidaturas até 21-04-2022
This topic aims at supporting activities that are enabling or contributing to one or several expected impacts of destination 4 "Ensuring access to innovative, sustainable and high-quality health care". More specifically, this topic aims at supporting activities that are contributing to some of the following expected impacts:
- Health and social care services and systems have improved governance mechanisms and are more effective, efficient, accessible, resilient, trusted and sustainable, both fiscally and environmentally. Health promotion and disease prevention will be at their heart, by shifting from hospital-centred to community-based, people-centred and integrated health care structures and successfully embedding technological innovations that meet public health needs, while patient safety and quality of services is increased.
- Health policy and systems adopt a holistic approach (individuals, communities, organisations, society) for the evaluation of health outcomes and value of public health interventions, the organisation of health care, and decision-making.
To that end, proposals under this topic should aim for delivering results that are directed, tailored towards and contributing to some of the following expected outcomes:
- Decision and policymakers in the field of health care avail of new approaches to financial planning and financing mechanisms that provide flexibility to stretched health budgets, including alternative procurement and contractual methods;
- Decision and policymakers in the field of health care apply cost-effective spending strategies based on the optimisation of the use of resources, while maintaining or improving health outcomes in an equitable way;
- Decision and policymakers in the field of health care access tools that enable them to better remunerate, contract and incentivise health care professionals and providers;
- Decision and policymakers in the field of health care take evidence-based and socially equitable health care financial decisions.
In 2017, spending on health care in the EU stood at 9.6% of gross domestic product, ranging from over 11% in France and Germany to less than 6% in Romania. In most countries, in-patient care services made up the bulk of health spending, while spending on pharmaceuticals also accounted for a large share of health expenditure in some countries.
Due to demographic changes in the EU with a population projected to continue ageing and higher expectations regarding provision of health care services, public health threats with relevant repercussions for society and the introduction of innovative and digital solutions to improve health care systems' functioning, the demand for health care services as well as the budgetary pressures on health care systems are and will keep increasing.
Future models of care delivery will have to take into account both the systemic and multi-dimensional performance perspective and to look at relevant outcome and quality indicators, structure of care delivery, and knowledge base regarding optimal care delivery systems,
Therefore, research and innovation should tackle the challenges of financing health care services in the EU by addressing one or more of the following:
- Financing of health care - development of new cost-effective models for financing and reimbursement, including incentive mechanisms and outcome-based financing in order to promote good performance of the health care systems.
- Financing of preventive health care - novel models and appropriate structure of financial incentives for effective health promotion and disease prevention, financial incentives for stronger co-operation between primary care and public health services, long-term sustainable financing mechanism for local- and municipality-run promotion programmes and the assessment of personal health risk behaviour and its potential impact on health costs.
- Innovative purchasing and contract methods - new strategies for contracting provision of health care services (public sector hired services) as well as solutions to better assess provision capacity and quality, to assess markets, and cost-effectiveness as well as equal access of contracting-out services. This can help align the incentives of providers with those of patients and the public good.
- New and improved tools for better design of incentives for health care professionals - incentives that minimise differentiation between services and "cream-skimming" by patients, fostering better health care planning, optimized use of health care services and avoidance of resources' overconsumption and -waste.
Value-based pricing- and payment models for health technologies are not in the scope of this topic; such models are covered by topic "New pricing and payment models for cost-effective and affordable health innovation" (HORIZON-HLTH-2022-IND-13-03) under destination 6.
Research and innovation in these areas should take into account the potential impact of public health emergencies and threats on the sustainability, financing, as well as the effective and efficient functioning of EU health care systems.
To ensure wide uptake by user communities and scalability of the models and methods across health systems, actions should promote the highest standards of transparency and openness, going well beyond documentation and extending to aspects such as assumptions, architecture, code and any underlying data.
Applicants are highly encouraged to actively involve public authorities (i.e. ministries of finances and health, procurement agencies/procurers and agencies responsible for the management of health services contracts, public health and health-policy institutes, health administrations, among other) in the proposals.